PhD APPLICATION PROCEDURE FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS
1. There is no disciplinary restriction concerning the undergraduate study of the applicants. The graduate program of the Ataturk Institute is open to graduates of any undergraduate program, who are willing to carry out a graduate study within the areas covered at the Institute.
2. Ataturk Institute does not accept PhD applications other than stated application periods.
3. Students who are going to apply to the PhD Program at the Atatürk Institute are required to have a minimum GPA of 3.00 over 4 (3.00 / 4.00) in their Master's Degree.
4 . Applicants are also required to hand in their score of GRE. Only Quantitative Section will be taken into consideration for the GRE exam. A minimum score of 155 is mandatory. For the Analytical Writing measure, a minimum score of 3,5 is mandatory.
5. Language of instruction at Bogazici University is English. Candidates wishing to start their program directly must prove their proficiency in English through an exam accepted by the University Senate before submitting their applications. The applicants are required to take one of the exams listed below and get an adequate score:
BUEPT (Bogazici University English Proficiency Test)
Minimum grade required: 'C'
TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language)
Minimum Scores required:
TOEFL (paper-based test) 550 + TWE 4.5
TOEFL (paper-based test) 550 + YADYOK TWE Pass
TOEFL CBT (Computer-based test) 213 + TWE 4.5
TOEFL CBT (Computer-based test) 213 + YADYOK TWE Pass
TOEFL IBT (Internet-based test) 79 + TWE 22
TOEFL IBT (Internet-based test) 79 + YADYOK TWE Pass
IELTS Test (International English Language Testing System)
Minimum Score required: 6.5
TWE is an acronym for Test of Written English, a test given by YADYOK. For more information please refer to http://www.yadyok.boun.edu.tr/
6. International applicants are required to hand in their scores of ÜDS (min. 55), taken in the fields of English or French or German (scores of exams taken in native languages will not be accepted). Any other equivalent language exam, accepted by the University Senate, is also valid.
7. The application procedure starts when the applicant submits his/her electronic application between the stated application period. The electronic application system is reached via the university's Graduate Programs Application page.
Applicants are required to provide the following documents during the electronic application:
· Completed application form with photograph attached;
· A certified photocopy of the candidate’s diploma or a letter certifying graduation;
· Official transcript, sent directly to Bogazici University Office of the Registrar from the University/Institute of Higher Education showing all courses taken and grades received;
· Two reference letters from persons familiar with the applicant's academic performance;
· GRE score report;
· Proof of English proficiency (certified by YADYOK);
· Bank receipt showing payment of the application fee.
- Applicants are advised to bring a copy of their published work (if any) such as articles, books etc. to the Institute before the written exam.
- Statement of Purpose (In English and not to exceed two pages)
8. After the applications are evaluated by the Institute, applicants who pass the evaluation will be called in for an interview. This interview/oral exam is conducted to test the applicants' empirical and analytical knowledge on the history of modern Turkey since the late Ottoman period. The reading list recommended for the exam can be found at the end of this page.
9. The applicants who are accepted to the graduate program will be announced by the Institute. They should, in person, carry out their registration in September, on the dates announced by the Registrar's Office.
10. For more information, please refer to the Graduate Programs Application page.
Suggested Readings for Applicants
1. Iggers, Georg G. Historiography in the Twentieth Century. Hanover & London: Wesleyan University Press, 1997. (Yirminci Yüzyılda Tarihyazımı: Bilimsel Nesnellikten Postmodernizme. İstanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları, 2000)
2. Burke, Peter, ed. New Perspectives on Historical Writing. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1994.
3. Hobsbawm, Eric. The Age of Empire, 1875-1914. London: Abacus, 1995. (Hobsbawm, Eric. İmparatorluk Çağı 1875-1914. İstanbul: Dost Kitabevi, 1999.)
4. Hobsbawm, Eric. The Age of Extremes, A History of the World, 1914-1991. New York: Vintage Books, 1996. (Hobsbawm, Eric. Kısa Yirminci Yüzyıl 1914-1991, Aşırılıklar Çağı. İstanbul: Sarmal Yayınevi)
5. Zürcher, Erik J. Turkey a Modern History. New York: I.B. Tauris, 1993. (Zürcher, Erik J. Modernleşen Türkiye'nin Tarihi. İstanbul: İletişim, 1993.)
6. Berkes, Niyazi. The Development of Secularism in Turkey. New York: Routledge, 1998. (Berkes, Niyazi. Türkiye'de Çağdaşlaşma, Ankara: Bilgi Yayınevi, 1973.)
7. Lewis, Bernard. The Emergence of Modern Turkey, London: Oxford U.P., 1968. (Lewis, Bernard, Modern Türkiye'nin Doğuşu, Ankara: Türk Tarih Kurumu Yayını, 1970.)
History of Ottoman Empire:
8. Quatert, Donald. The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922, New Approaches to European History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
9. Ortaylı, İlber. İmparatorluğun En Uzun Yüzyılı. 1 ed. İstanbul: Hil Yayınları, 1983.
10. Eldem, Edhem. "Istanbul: From Imperial to Peripheralized Capital." In The Ottoman City between East and West: Aleppo, Izmir, and Istanbul, edited by Edhem Eldem, Daniel Goffman and Bruce Alan Masters, 135-227. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
11. Deringil, Selim. The Well-Protected Domains: Ideology and the Legitimation of Power in the Ottoman Empire, 1876-1909. New York: I.B. Tauris, 1998.
12. Pamuk, Şevket. Osmanlı Ekonomisinde Bağımlılık ve Büyüme, 1820-1913. 2 ed. İstanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları, 1994.
13. Owen, Roger and Pamuk, SŞvket. A History of the Middle East Economies in the Twentieth Century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1999.
14. Toprak, Zafer. Milli İktisat-Milli Burjuvazi. İstanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları, 1995.
15. Tunçay, Mete ve Zürcher, Erik J. Osmanlı İmparatorluğu'nda Sosyalizm ve Milliyetçilik (1876-1923). İstanbul: İletisim, 1995.
History of Turkish Republic:
16. Ülken, Hilmi Ziya. Türkiye'de Çağdaş Düşünce Tarihi. 3 ed. İstanbul: Ülken Yayınları, 1992.
17. Tanör, Bülent. Osmanlı-Türk Anayasal Gelişmeleri. İstanbul: Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 2001.
18. Keyder, Çağlar. State and Class in Turkey, A Study in Capitalist Development. London & New York: Verso, 1987.
19. Tezel, Yahya. Cumhuriyet Döneminin İktisadi Tarihi. 3 ed. Istanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları, 1994.
20. Parla, Taha. Ziya Gökalp, Kemalizm ve Türkiye'de Korporatizm. 2 ed. İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları, 1993.
21. Tunçay, Mete. Türkiye Cumhuriyeti'nde Tek Parti Yönetiminin Kurulması (1923-1931). 3 ed. İstanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları, 1999.
22. Koçak, Cemil. Türkiye'de Milli Şef Dönemi (1938-1945). 2 vols. İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları, 1996.
23. Sönmezoğlu, Faruk, ed. Türk Dış Politikasının Analizi. İstanbul: Der Yayınları, 1994.
24. Bozdoğan, Sibel, and Reşat Kasaba. Rethinking modernity and national identity in Turkey. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997. (Bozdoğan, Sibel, ve Kasaba, Reşat ed. Türkiye'de Modernleşme ve Ulusal Kimlik. İstanbul: Tarih Vakfı Yurt Yayınları, 1998.)
25. Quatert, Donald; Zürcher, Eric Jan. Workers and the Working Class in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic. New York: I&B Tauris Publishers, 1995.
26. Schick, Irvin C. and Tonak, Ertuğrul Ahmet (eds.) Turkey in Transition. New York: Oxford U.P., 1987. (Schick, Irvin C. and Tonak, Ertugrul Ahmet (ed.). Geçiş Sürecinde Türkiye. Istanbul: Belge Yayınları, 1990.)
27. Aktar, Ayhan. Varlık Vergisi ve "Türkleştirme" Politikaları. İstanbul: İletişim, 2000.
28. Üstel, Füsun. Türk Ocakları 1912-1931. İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları, 1997.
29. Georgeon, François. Türk Milliyetçiliğinin Kökenleri, Yusuf Akçura (1876-1935). Ankara: Yurt Yayınları, 1986.