Mehmet Hastaş / The Opposition in The Second Constitutional Monarchy Period: Ahmet Samim's Case

The Opposition in The Second Constitutional Monarchy Period: Ahmet Samim's Case

Ahmet Samim was one of the three journalists assassinated after the declaration of the second constitutional monarchy. Samim, who was a fervent opponent of the Committee of Union and Progress, was also one of the founders of the Ahrar Firkasi (Liberal Party). This thesis analyses Samim's articles published in Sadayi Millet (Sound of the Nation), touching on the internal politics. Samim's articles are evaluated against a background describing the political atmosphere of the period. In this background we have chosen some subtitles: The amendments of 1909, the thought of Prince Sabahaddin, the elections of 1908 and the parliament, Grand Viziers and cabinets in the period of 1908-1910.

Samim's articles are analysed in eight subdivisions: constitutional monarchy, the military service of non-Muslims, the union of the elements, the press, the revolt in Albania, the Committee of Union and Progress, Abdülhamit and the ancien regime, and the minister of public works, Hallacyan Efendi. In the conclusion, after summarising Samim's opinions, his position in the political atmosphere of the second constitutional monarchy is described.

Özet

Ahmet Samim II. Mesrutiyet döneminde öldürülen üç gazeteciden biridir. Atesli bir Ittihatçi muhalifi olan Samim Ahrar Firkasi kurucularindandir. Bu tezde Samim'in Sadayi Millet gazetesindeki makalelerinden iç politikaya iliskin olanlarina degindik. Ahmet Samim'in makalelerini dönemin siyasi olaylarindan olusan bir arka plan üzerinde degerlendirmeye çalistik. Bu arka plani olustururken seçtigimiz konu basliklari; 1909 Kanun-i Esasi degisiklikleri, Prens Sabahaddin düsüncesi, 1908 Seçimleri ve Parlamento, 1908-1910 Sadrazamlar/Kabineler oldu.

Ahmet Samim'in makalelerini 8 baslik altinda degerlendirdik; Mesrutiyet, Gayrimüslimlerin Askerlik Hizmeti, Ittihad-i Anasir, Basin, Arnavutluk Isyani, Ittihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti, Devr-i Sabik, Nafia Naziri Hallacyan Efendi. Sonuç bölümünde Ahmet Samim'in görüslerini özetledikten sonra Samim'in II. Mesrutiyet'in siyasi ortami içerisinde nasil bir yere oturdugunu saptamaya çalistik.